Hair Loss In Men & Women Today!
Hair is a precious gift to many, but in this modern world, many are left with a receded hairline, patches and a reduced density. This scenario is what is termed as hair loss. According to statistics, 75% of men and 25% of women have noticeable hair loss.
The effects of hair loss are many, but most witnessed among all are the loss of self-confidence and attractiveness. Although not a deadly condition, hair loss negatively impacts one’s psychological state and physical attributes. The more one loses it, the more he or she is pushed at the edge.
What Defines Hair Loss in Men & Women Today?
The human hair follows a growth cycle, which is comprised of three stages. Within these stages, one’s hair grows, rests, and then sheds. The cycle continues from one year to another. The genes generally determine one’s hair density, type, thickness, volume, and length.
Naturally, an individual loses hair estimated to be below 100 strands in a day. Any amount above this certainly indicates hair loss. The rate of hair loss may be increased by several factors.
Types of Hair Loss You Must Learn About
There are various types of hair loss that affect both men and women in the modern era. These are;
Androgenetic Alopecia (Male/Female Pattern Baldness)
This is the commonest type of hair loss and it is believed to run in families. It is a progressive type of hair loss and normally begins from the hairline region and then forms a horseshoe.
It will then progress to the crown region to form a bald patch. This is the commonest type of hair loss in men that has pushed many to undergo a hair transplant.
AA also runs in families, but it is believed to be triggered by one’s immune system. Alopecia areata is characterized by circular patches which may be one in number or more.
It falls in the same core of Alopecia areata, although it is very rare. With this form of hair loss, an individual will lose all the hair from the scalp and may cause genetic mutations.
Just like alopecia areata and Alopecia Universalis, Alopecia Totalis is also an autoimmune disorder. It is characterized by loss of hair from the scalp and the entire body. It also comes along with several effects like brittle nails.
Unlike other forms of hair loss, Telogen Effluvium is a temporary type of hair loss and commonly triggered by stress. One may witness a reduced density and certainly, hair thinning.
Traction alopecia normally occurs in the frontal region of the scalp. It develops due to the excessive strain subjected to the frontal hair follicles.
Trichotillomania is a condition where an individual pulls out his own hair. It is believed to be a psychological disorder which certainly requires medical attention.
Also known as pseudopelade, this form of hair loss is characterized by patches, which are also well defined.
General Causes of Hair Loss in Men & Women Today
There are various factors that may lead to hair loss and they include;
- Genetic Predisposition & Genes
Genetic predisposition refers to one’s likelihood of a certain medical condition. Some people experience male pattern baldness simply because they have a high likelihood and because it runs in their families.
Hypothyroidism is the disease of the thyroid gland and it develops when the gland fails to produce enough thyroid hormone.
- Medications & Supplements
Certain medications and supplements have several side effects and hair loss may be among them.
- Infectious diseases
You may experience hair loss simply because you suffer from certain diseases like herpes, tuberculosis, and leprosy. Anemia is another common condition that can trigger hair loss. In addition, skin diseases like Lichen Planus and DLE can trigger alopecia.
Other causes of hair loss include;
- Strenuous hairstyles
- Treatments like chemotherapy
- Physical trauma
The Hair Loss Pattern In Men
Normally, hair loss in men begins from the frontal area ‘hairline’ and it will then proceed to the temple and crown regions. Male pattern baldness is a definite type of hair loss and in other words, you can easily identify it.
The commonest cause of hair loss in men is the DHT hormone which triggers thinning.
The Hair Loss Pattern In Women
Unlike men, hair loss in women takes a diffuse manner, but certainly, a woman will experience thinning in certain regions and a reduced density in the scalp hair.
Commonly, women experience telogen effluvium and female pattern baldness.
Hair Loss Assessment & Clinical Evaluation
In some cases, an individual may require a physical examination and any other additional diagnostic approach to determine the underlying type of hair loss. While diagnosing hair loss clinically, these are followed;
- Medical History
- Physical Examination
- Hair Analysis Test ‘Norwood Scale’
- Photographic Evaluation
- Scalp Biopsy
Treating Hair Loss: Several Alopecia Treatments To Consider
Generally, the doctor will recommend a suitable alopecia treatment approach depending on the level of hair loss.
These include Finasteride (men) and Minoxidil for both men and women. Commonly, Finasteride and Minoxidil are immediate hair loss treatments and deliver reliable results.
These may be taken in an oral form or applied to the scalp to treat and combat hair loss.
Clinical therapies for alopecia treatment include Mesotherapy and Platelet Rich Plasma therapy. Mesotherapy and PRP are administered via injections, but PRP will require a doctor to extract blood from a patient’s body.
The growth factors from the blood are then injected back into the scalp to promote hair growth.
- Surgery (Hair Transplantation)
A hair transplant is a surgical approach to alopecia treatment and it involves the extraction of fine hair follicles and their implantation. During the procedure, the surgeon will use a scalpel, a micro-punch or a surgical blade to extract hair follicles from the donor region.
In case it is the strip (FUT), it is divided to obtain individual hair follicles that are transferred in the bald zone.